Outline of Exhibition

Winter Flowers "Camellia Sasanqua"

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Camellia sasanqua

The Camellia sasanqua is native to Japan and is one of few plants, including Camellia japonica, which color gardens during desolate wintry scenes. At the Botanical Garden of Everyday Life, Camellia sasanqua has been exhibited since 2001 as part of the special program “traditional seasonal plants.” It also includes the unique varieties known as “Edo Camellia sasanqua” and “Higo Camellia sasanqua”.

Camellia sasanquas are broadly divided into three groups: the “Camellia sasanqua group,” which is close to the native species; the “Camellia x hiemalis group,” which is regarded as the seedling or progeny of Shishigashira; and the “Camellia x vernalis group,” which is regarded as a natural cross-breed of Camellia sasanqua and Camellia japonica or its progeny. Camellia sasanqua blooms from mid-October to February the following year by grouping it in the above-mentioned order. All these varieties were selected from variants of seedling, and it can be said that the methods for maintaining and spreading such varieties considerably characterize Japanese gardening culture.

At this Botanical Garden, focusing on the relationship between people and Camellia sasanqua from aspects of both genetic and cultural resources, we have studied living plants and historical materials together and exhibited the results. In this year’s program “Winter Flowers - Camellia sasanqua,” with the theme of the names of Camellia sasanqua, the change of the origin of the name with the times and the grouping by variety are exhibited.

Period Dec 3 (Tue), 2013- Jan 26 (Sun), 2014
Venue Botanical Garden of Everyday Life, National Museum of Japanese History
Admissions ¥100
Groups of 20 or more: ¥50 per person
* Free admission for children junior high school age and younger
* Free admission for high school students every Saturday
Hours 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. (no entrance after 4:00 p.m.)
Closed Dec 9 (Mon), 16 (Mon),24 (Tue),
Dec 27 (Fri), 2013- Jan 4 (Sat), 2014,
6 (Mon), 14 (Tue), and 20 (Mon)
Sponsor National Museum of Japanese History

Exhibition Lineup

In addition to the varieties donated to this Botanical Garden in the year 2000, those that have since been newly collected are also exhibited. Camellia sasanquas (70 varieties of Camellia sasanqua, 43 varieties of Camellia x hiemalis and 32 varieties of Camellia x vernalis), grown in potting at this Botanical Garden, are exhibited around the arbor and in the greenhouse and the marsh-reed screen exhibition site in the Botanical Garden. Some are also planted at the permanent exhibition space.

As for the names of Camellia sasanqua, many of the old varieties were named from waka (Japanese poem), and subsequently, the trend was shifted toward giving person or foreign-derived names. Panels explaining about the change of the names and the grouping of variety names are prepared and exhibited in the arbor.

Camellia sasanqua

Iso-chidori

Iso-chidori

Inuhariko (Edo sasanqua)

Inuhariko (Edo sasanqua)

Choujiguruma

Choujiguruma

Hakurakuten (Higo sasanqua)

Hakurakuten (Higo sasanqua)

Camellia x hiemalis

Hinodefuji

Hinodefuji

Akinoyosooi

Akinoyosooi

Cotton candy

Cotton candy

Hatsuhikari

Hatsuhikari

Camellia x vernali

Ginryu

Ginryu

Yuletide

Yuletide

Hoshihiryu

Hoshihiryu

Rokkasen

Rokkasen

Note: Please note that items in the exhibition are subject to change.