Outline of Exhibition

Traditional Antique Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemums, one of Japan's common horticultural plants, are not native to Japan; however, we know that in the Heian period (794to 1185) Kikkano-en (chrysanthemum-viewing garden parties) were the vogue in the Imperial Court. It is thought that the chrysanthemum was first introduced into Japan from China, together with other cultural items, in the Ritsuryo period(From the latter half of the 7th century to the 10th century).

During the Heian and Kamakura periods (1185 to 1333), special chrysanthemums were developed by members of the ruling class, based on the Japanese people’s sense of beauty. For example, the Saga giku chrysanthemum, which has brush-like petals, was cultivated exclusively in the Daikakuji Temple in Kyoto; and Ise giku, with its drooping petals, was cultivated in connection with the Kokushi (provincial governor) of Ise (present-day Mie Prefecture) and the Ise Jingu Shrine. In this way, the chrysanthemum gradually established its privileged position among the ruling class, for use in parties, as material for artistic crafts, and as a symbol of eternal youth and immortality.

In the middle of Early Modern Japan(Edo period,1800), chrysanthemums gradually became popular among the common people; for example, flower gardens with a variety of chrysanthemum varieties were created, and exhibitions of artworks incorporating chrysanthemums became prevalent. Among the varieties contributing to this popularity were Higo giku, which has sparse petals, and Edo giku, whose petals change shape after blooming, as well as Choji giku, with its hemispherical center. These traditional medium-sized flowers are called Koten giku (classical chrysanthemums).

The Botanical Garden of Everyday Life has been collecting and exhibiting such classical chrysanthemums since 2000.

This year, with the theme of the "Chrysanthemums appearing in Japanese books published in the Edo period", using panels, we will introduce the chrysanthemums, as well as the Chrysanthemum Festival (September 9 in the old Japanese calendar), the image of Furo-choju (perpetual youth and long life) in Kikuzake (sake infused with chrysanthemum), and the Kikka-no-chigiri (‘The promise of a chrysanthemum flower’) in Ugetsu Monogatari (Tales of Moonlight and Rain, Akinari Ueda, 1776).

 

Period Oct 29 (Tue), 2019- Nov 24 (Sun), 2019
Venue Botanical Garden of Everyday Life, National Museum of Japanese History
Admissions ¥100
Groups of 20 or more: ¥50 per person
* Free admission for children high school age and younger
Hours 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. (no entrance after 4:00 p.m.)
Closed Nov. 5 (Tue) , 11 (Mon) , and 18 (Mon)
Sponsor National Museum of Japanese History

Exhibition Lineup

The following varieties, cultivated in flower pots (No. 7, 21 cm diam.; No. 9, 27 cm diam.), will be exhibited near the Azumaya (wall-less building), and in the plastic greenhouse and the reed-walled display platform, in the Botanical Garden: a variety of classical chrysanthemums cultivated and bred in the Botanical Garden of Everyday Life (including 17 varieties of Saga giku, 12varieties of Ise giku, and 3varieties of Matuzaka giku);32varieties of Higo giku;35 varieties of Edo giku; 10varieties of Choji giku; 9 varieties of Oshu giku, which have been cultivated from the middle of Early Modern Japan (Edo period,1800), similar to Edo giku and Higo giku; as well as roughly 50 new varieties, which have been cultivated from seeds in our Garden.

This year, with the theme of the "Chrysanthemums appearing in Japanese books published in the Edo period", using panels, we will introduce the chrysanthemums, as well as the Chrysanthemum Festival (September 9 in the old Japanese calendar), the image of Furo-choju (perpetual youth and long life) in Kikuzake (sake infused with chrysanthemum), and the Kikka-no-chigiri (‘The promise of a chrysanthemum flower’) in Ugetsu Monogatari (Tales of Moonlight and Rain, Akinari Ueda, 1776).

- Exhibited varieties: 170 varieties in total (including about 50 varieties of original Rekihaku)
- Exhibited pots: About 500 pots

Higo-giku

Sakura-no-shukujo

Benifudou

Edo-giku

Edohouki

Edokagura

Saga-giku

Saga-no-hoshi

Sakura-no-suisei

Ise-giku (including Matsuzaka-giku)

Gyoukou

Suihi

Oshu-giku

Aikokuden

Zuiunden

Choji-giku

Hakuunmaru

Kishi-no-akaboshi