Outline of Exhibition

Traditional Antique Chrysanthemum
展示ポスター

The chrysanthemum is a representative Japanese garden plant. It is not a plant native to Japan, but in the Heian period, chrysanthemum flower parties were already in vogue at the Imperial Court, and it is considered that the chrysanthemum, along with other cultural items, was brought into Japan from China during the Ritsuryo period.

In the Heian and Kamakura periods, special flowers were cultivated by the ruling class due to the aesthetics unique to Japan. The “Saga-giku” which has brush-like petals was cultivated exclusively in Daikakuji Temple in Kyoto, and the “Ise-giku” which has petals hanging down was cultivated in connection with the Kokushi (official) of Ise and Ise Grand Shrine. The chrysanthemum had gradually established its privileged position for parties in the ruling class, in fine arts and as a symbol of agelessness and immortality.
In the middle of the early modern ages and thereafter, the chrysanthemum became popularized among the general public, and flower gardens in which a variety of garden species of chrysanthemum were planted and exhibitions of chrysanthemum works became prevalent. Such popular trends were supported by the “Higo-giku” which has sparse petals and the “Edo-giku” which has petals that change after coming into bloom. The traditional medium flowered species including the above types of chrysanthemums and the “Choji-giku” which has a hemispherical ball of petals at the center of the flower are called “classical chrysanthemums”.

At the Botanical Garden of Everyday Life, these “classical chrysanthemums” have been collected and exhibited since 1999. In this exhibition, with the theme of the name of chrysanthemum, the method of naming in the period from the final years of the Edo period to the Meiji period, the names common to those of other garden varieties and the meaning of names related to classification are revealed. The new seedling flowers that were cultivated from seeds at the Botanical Garden are also exhibited.

Period Nov. 6 (Wed) - Dec. 1 (Sun), 2013
Venue Botanical Garden of Everyday Life, National Museum of Japanese History
Admissions ¥100
Groups of 20 or more: ¥50 per person
* Free admission for children junior high school age and younger
* Free admission for high school students every Saturday
Hours

9:30 a.m.–4:30 p.m. (entrance closed at 4:00 p.m.)

Closed Nov. 11 (Mon), 18 (Mon) , and 26 (Mon)
Sponsor National Museum of Japanese History

Exhibition Lineup

The classical chrysanthemums collected and cultivated/bred at the Botanical Garden of Everyday Life (17 varieties of Saga-giku, 12 varieties of Ise-giku <including 3 varieties of Matsuzaka-giku>, 32 varieties of Higo-giku, 35 varieties of Edo-giku and 10 varieties of Choji-giku) and 10 varieties of Oshu-giku which were created around the middle of the early modern ages, as were Edo-giku and the Higo-giku, are planted in either size-7 or size-9 flower pots and exhibited around the arbor and in the greenhouse and the marsh-reed screen exhibition site in the Botanical Garden.

In addition to the panels explaining the names of chrysanthemums, panels explaining the Museum’s “Hyakushu-tsugiwake-giku” are displayed in the arbor.

Ise-giku

Kogyoku

Kogyoku

Takasago

Takasago

Matsuzaka-giku

Rekihaku original
Rekihaku original
Matsuzaka-giku has two types: medium flowered type and large flowered type. At its birthplace, Matsuzaka, they are called Medium flowered type Matsuzaka-giku and Large flowered type Matsuzaka-giku. Generally, the medium flowered type is called Ise-giku, and our museum calls the large flowered type Matsuzaka-giku.

Edo-giku

Edo-hoki

Edo-hoki

Hachimanyama

Hachimanyama

Saga-giku

Saga-no-tsuki

Saga-no-tsuki

Saga-no-izumi

Saga-no-izumi

Rekihaku original

Rekihaku original

Oshu-giku

Kegon-no-taki

Kegon-no-taki

Zuiunden

Zuiunden

Choji-giku

Kinko-maru

Kinko-maru

Hakuun-maru

Hakuun-maru

Higo-giku

Kinsei

Kinsei

Goshoguruma

Goshoguruma

Rekihaku original

Rekihaku original

Displays

Display 1

Display 1

Display 2

Display 2

Note: Please note that items in the exhibition are subject to change.